Russia – NATO Coordination Centre
NATO-RUSSIA COUNCIL’S COOPERATIVE AIRSPACE INITIATIVE
Rome declaration of Heads of State and Government of NATO Member States and the Russian Federation dated 28 May 2002 paved the way for beginning work on the establishment of the NATO-Russia Coordination Centre within the framework of the implementation of the NATO-Russia Council’s Cooperative Airspace Initiative (NRC CAI).
27 October 2006 is considered as the date for beginning the establishment of the Information Exchange System (IES). Russian Federation CAI Coordination Centre was established on 22 November 2006.
To foster co-operation between the NATO-Russia Council Nations in the sphere of airspace surveillance and air traffic coordination, with the underlying goal to enhance transparency, predictability and to strengthen collective capabilities required for countering terrorist air threats.
CAI Geography and Coordination
CAI geography in Europe is defined by the boundaries of ATC Area Control Centres in adjoining Flight Information Regions (FIR) between:
- Bodø (Norway) and Murmansk (Russia);
- Warsaw (Poland) and Kaliningrad (Russia);
- Ankara (Turkey) and Rostov-on-Don (Russia).
CAI Coordination Centres in Moscow and Warsaw are the main coordination nodes. On the NATO part a number of countries participate in the project’s implementation: Canada, France, Greece, Hungary, Norway, Poland, Turkey and United States. Observers are Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania and Ukraine.
Information Exchange System
The basis of CAI is the Information Exchange System (IES) for exchange of air situation information between the Coordination Centres in Moscow and Warsaw — the purpose of which is to improve transparency of aviation activity in adjoining FIRs.
- Early detection of and notification of the counterpart on situations with Renegade aircraft and other potentially threatening aircraft;
- Co-ordination of actions between CAI partners in situations with potential Renegade aircraft or other potentially threatening aircraft;
- Ensure the continuity of real-time air track information for the purpose of such coordination;
- Receipt of alerting notifications on aircraft located outside of respective areas of operational interest of the parties and suspected of being used as a weapon of perpetrating terrorist attacks. The aim being facilitating monitoring of emerging air terrorist threats and exercising coordination.
Russian part of IES organizationally consists of the NATO-Russia CAI Coordination Centre in Moscow and Local Coordination Units (LCU) in Murmansk, Kaliningrad and Rostov-on-Don.
Russian Federation CAI Coordination Centre performs its tasks in interaction with the NATO Coordination Centre, Russian LCUs, Central Command Unit of the General Staff of the Ministry of Defence, Situation Awareness Centre of the National Counterterrorism Committee, federal bodies of executive power.
In 2010, under the leading role of the Staff of the National Counterterrorism Committee (NCC), Russian CAI CC, jointly with concerned bodies, participated in ‘North-West Anti-Terrorism 2010’ exercise.
In the period from 2011 to 2013 Russian CAI CC and LCUs took part in a number of joint international computer-simulated exercises, as well as in international counterterrorism exercises ‘Vigilant Skies 2011’ and ‘Vigilant Skies 2013’ with participation of Russian, Polish and Turkish Air Forces.
At present, CAI participating nations (Russia, Poland, Norway and Turkey) are completing the process of coordinating and preparing to signing an intergovernmental agreement for the CAI Operational Phase that will constitute legal basis for beginning 24/7 duty shifts by the staff of the Russian CC and LCUs within the framework of NRC CAI.